New psychology research shows early life stress doesn’t have to be extreme to affect emotional processing

first_imgEmail Share LinkedIn New research provides evidence that experiences of early life stress are associated with atypical responses towards emotional facial expressions in adulthood. The findings have been published in the journal Development and Psychopathology.“One of the things that drives me as a researcher is how we can improve the experiences of people with mental illness, by developing better treatments and clearer knowledge of these health conditions,” explained Elizabeth Kirkham (@EK_Neuro), a research associate at the University of Edinburgh and the corresponding author of the study.“Early life stress and trauma are a huge factor in the development of mental illness later in life – I think society in general is still not aware of how close the relationship between early stress and later health (mental and physical) really is. If we can understand more about early life stress then we can understand more about how mental illness develops, which in turn will help us find better ways of reducing the suffering of people living with mental health conditions.” Share on Twittercenter_img In the study, 395 participants completed the Child Abuse and Trauma Scale after being shown photographs depicting angry, happy, and neutral facial expressions. The participants indicated the extent to which they would approach the person in the image and the extent to which they would avoid the person.The researchers found that participants who experienced more stressful life events in childhood and adolescence tended to be less avoidant of people with angry facial expressions.“Our results were surprising — that early life stress is associated with reduced, not increased, avoidance of anger in people with no signs of mental ill health. This is the opposite of what we expected,” Kirkham told PsyPost.But Kirkham said the findings indicate that early life stress “doesn’t have to be extreme to affect emotional processing. Very few of the people in our study had histories of extreme trauma or neglect, yet the stress that they did experience as children was linked to both their mental health and their responses to emotional information as adults.”“This is important when we think about our social environment — investing in the quality of children’s early life is likely to pay dividends later on in terms of the health of the wider society.”The relationship between early life stress and reduced avoidance of angry facial expressions was not found among participants who showed signs of depression and anxiety. More depressed participants, however, did tend to be more avoidant of happy facial expressions.“We were also surprised that that was no relationship between early life stress and avoidance of anger amongst people with evidence of mental illness, even though the expected relationship between depression and avoidance of happy facial expressions was present,” Kirkham said.“Therefore it’s important that additional work is carried out to examine what is going on here and why the effects of early life stress are different from what might have been predicted from previous research. I suspect it might be connected to the fact that previous research has focused on children with extreme early life stress, whereas we focused on adults with relatively low levels of early life stress.”“I’d be very happy to hear from researchers or students who share my interest in early life stress and its effects on the adult brain. There’s still a lot to be discovered within this field,” Kirkham added.The study, “Early life stress is associated with reduced avoidance of threatening facial expressions“, was authored by Elizabeth J. Kirkham and Liat Levita. Pinterest Share on Facebooklast_img read more

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Tipperary crowned Munster minor hurling champions

first_imgTipperary have been crowned Munster minor hurling champions.The Premier controlled the majority of play in the first half with forwards Sean Hayes and James Devaney shining through.The half time scoreline left Tipp ahead by 5 points – 12 points to 7. Tipp went 8 points clear by the end of the third quarter in Thurles, but Limerick notched up the following 2 points to begin closing the gap.The Premier pushed on, however, and a goal from sub Mickey O’Shea from Mullinahone sealed the Treatymens fate.A goal from Limerick’s Cathal O’ Neill in added time was just too little too late and it finished Tipperary 1-20 Limerick 1-12.TippFM Analyst James Woodlock was impressed by their efforts today… Photo: Tipp FM/Stephen Gleesonlast_img read more

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CNW90 July 31, 2020

first_imgTo help stop the spread of COVID-19, The Florida Department of Health in Broward County reminds everyone to practice social distancing, wash your hands often with soap and water and cover your nose and mouth with a tissue or sleeve when coughing or sneezing. In Local News, Broward County Office of Emergency Management says that COVID-19 testing sites may be closed beginning Thursday evening due to the threat of Potential Tropical Cyclone Nine to South Florida. The system is forecast to move over portions of Haiti and the Dominican Republic on Thursday. The Florida Division of Emergency Management forecast indicates that the cyclone could develop into a Tropical Storm with impacts to South Florida this weekend. If it does, all COVID-19 test sites will be closed until the storm passes. In Palm Beach County, officials announced that all testing sites will be closed for July 31st and August 1. With a look at some of the top stories making the news today, July 31 across your Caribbean-American community in South Florida, I’m…for CNW 90. Over in The Bahamas, The Bahamas government says it will implement two additional weekend lockdowns as the country continues to record increases in its COVID-19 cases. On Tuesday, 65 new cases were confirmed in the country, setting a new single day record and bringing the total cases to 447. Prime Minister Hurbert Minnis announced that from July 31 to August 4 and again from August 7 to 10th, all islands of The Bahamas, excluding Grand Bahama, where a complete lockdown is currently in place, will be on lockdown. Only food stores, gas stations, pharmacies and water depots will be permitted to operate on the Saturdays for an 11 hour period. Minnis said that all individuals wishing to leave the country during the lockdown can do so by air or by boat. Given the circumstances, the USCIS Ombudsman issued a statement on July 21st to address the card production delays. The Ombudsman’s office is offering to assist those with approved cards who are awaiting production by sending a list of those individuals to the USCIS to verify the status of production. Those affected can visit the Ombudsman’s website and file a request. Meanwhile, The governments of St. Lucia and Dominica have both indicated their plans to decriminalize marijuana and establish a cannabis industry in their respective countries. Dominica’s legislation will provide among other things, for the decriminalization of possession of 28 grams of marijuana or less. Prime Minister of Dominica, Roosevelt Skerritt said that his administration will forge ahead on the matter of developing a revenue stream, and foreign exchange earnings from a marijuana industry. St. Lucia, on the other hand, has began drafting of legislation that would establish a cannabis industry in the island. The law will also included looking at personal use, religious use and medicinal use of marijuana. Authorization was also given to look into the expungment of records for people incarcerated for marijuana of “less than 30 grams”, without violence attached to the charge. Now for the news in the detail For more information on these and other stories, visit CNWNETWORK.com. Remember to pick up this week’s copy of our Caribbean National Weekly at your nearest Caribbean – American outlet. Additionally, the country’s ministry of tourism has announced that no hotel or resort is permitted to allow guests to remain on its property without producing a negative COVID-19 test. This rules applies to both Bahamians and international travelers. The two islands join other countries in the region like Jamaica, Antigua and Barbuda, St. Kitts and Nevis, The Cayman Islands and St. Vincent and the Grenadines, were marijuana is decriminalized. Coming up in the newscast, USCIS experiences delay in printing work permits and green cards, St. Lucia and Dominica move to decriminalize marijuana and Bahamas announces additional lockdowns after spike in COVID-19 cases. Today’s newscast is brought to you by the Florida Department of Health; The USCIS has left hundreds of thousands of immigrants without their proper documents as the agency’s backlog for printing work permits and green cards have skyrocketed to over 150,000. The reason for the delays, it seems, is that the USCIS had a contract with an outside company to produce employment authorization documents (work permits) and green cards, which ended in June 2020. But rather than renew the contract, the USCIS decided to produce the cards in-house. Given the COVID-19 crisis and layoff’s of the agency, USCIS no longer has the financial or human resources to print the documents at the previous pace. Now for Caribbean News, Grenada yesterday announced a new case of the coronavirus, after going six weeks without any new reported cases. Health authorities said that a passenger who arrived on the island from the United States last week had tested positive for COVID-19. The island now has 24 cases of the virus, with 23 recoveries. The unidentified person was among a group of Grenadians who returned via a charter Jetblue flight last Wednesday and that under the new health protocol, all persons arriving on an international flight must be placed in 14 days mandatory quarantine. The island’s Maurice Bishop International Airport have been open to regional and charter flights, with international commercial flights schedule to commence on August 1. You’ve been watching CNW90, I’m…last_img read more

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Revenue want homeowners to justify property tax valuation if house value has

first_imgHOMEOWNERS who made their Local Property Tax (LPT) valuation honestly and fairly will not have to pay more when they are selling their home.A spokesperson for the Revenue Commissioners said once the tax valuation made by homeowners on 1 May 2013 can be justified then there should not be an issue. Clarifying the process in which a home seller sells their home in which the value has increased, the Revenue said that if the house has increased in value by more than 15 per cent a process may kick in where the valuation made must be justified.Valuation If a home is sold for 15 per cent over its estimated value, the homeowner faces a Revenue assessment.“The value of the home still stands until the end of 2016,” said the spokesperson, adding that the Revenue is just seeking back up evidence that the valuation of the home made in May 2013 was not lower than it should have been.Clearance will only be provided by Revenue if relevant documentation such as a house valuation or evidence from property websites like Daft.ie can show that the valuation was correct and made in good faith.Speaking on RTÉ’s Morning Ireland, a spokesperson for Revenue said that people will not be penalised for their house increasing in value since 2013, adding that they just wanted to know how the homeowner arrived at the original valuation.PenalisedShe said that some homeowners who could not justify their original valuation have been penalised, although she did not have the exact figures.“But it is not coming up as an issue,” she added, saying “not unless your original value was under declared”.They advised that anyone selling their home, where the value of the property has increased by 15%, should contact the Revenue with the relevant documentation that justifies their 2013 property valuation.Speaking to TheJournal.ie, Stephen Curtis from the Irish Mortgage Holders Association, said that if homeowners valued their property properly and paid the proper amount of tax then there should not be a problem.Read: Want a cut in income tax? It could mean tripling the property tax>Read: Revenue collects €310m in property tax and household charge payments>last_img read more

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