Month: August 2019

Russians hope to reach Lake Vostok for the first time soon

first_img Citation: Russians hope to reach Lake Vostok for the first time soon (2011, January 10) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-01-russians-lake-vostok.html Lake Vostok is supersaturated with oxygen, with levels estimated to be around 50 times greater than an average freshwater lake. Lukin said the researchers hope to find live organisms in the lake, particularly in the mineralized water near the bottom. If life does exist there, the organisms would be “extremophiles,” with many adaptations to allow them to survive. If life is found in the lake, this would have implications for the possibilities of life on Jupiter’s moon Europa or Saturn’s satellite Enceladus, both of which have a similar environment.The Russian team are unsure when their drill will break through because the exact depth of the ice/water boundary is not known, but hope they will reach the water later this month and before the current Antarctic summer season ends. Their borehole is currently 3650 meters deep, which is estimated to be approximately 100 meters above the lake surface. The next stages will use a mechanical drill and kerosene freon to get down to 3725 meters, and a new thermal drill head with a clean silicon-oil fluid to drill the rest of the way. The thermal drill head will be fitted with a camera. They are able to drill around four meters a day. Lake Vostok is approximately 250 kilometers long and up to 50 kilometers wide (around the size of Lake Ontario in North America), and is up to 800 meters deep. It is isolated from all the other 145 or so subglacial lakes in Antarctica. The lake has been sealed off from the rest of the world by the ice sheet for at least 14 million years.Earlier plans to drill into the lake were squashed by the Antarctic Treaty Secretariat (ATS) because of concerns the lake might become contaminated. A team of astrobiologists from NASA concluded in 2003 that such an exploration could be dangerous and lead to contamination because the high oxygen and nitrogen content of the lake would cause the water to “fizz up” like a shaken soda can. Now, the ATS has approved the environmental evaluation for the new attempt by scientists from the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AARI) in St. Petersburg.AARI spokesman Valery Lukin, Director of the Russian Antarctic Expedition (RAE), said they have invented a way of sampling the lake without the risk of contamination. When the drill reaches the lake, the water pressure will “push the working body and drilling fluid upwards in the borehole,” where it will freeze. The researchers will then return during the next Antarctic summer to remove the frozen water for analysis. RADARSAT image of Lake Vostok. Image: NASA. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Panoramic photo of Vostok Station showing the layout of the camp. Credit: Todd Sowers LDEO, Columbia University, Palisades, New York.center_img Lake Vostok life to be studied (PhysOrg.com) — Lake Vostok, an untouched lake in Antarctica, is soon to be reached for the first time. Russian scientists are drilling down to the oxygen-rich lake, which is buried beneath a sheet of ice almost four kilometers thick, and extract water samples for analysis. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

DonanimHaber leaks data on new AMD processors

first_img © 2010 PhysOrg.com So, it can be no surprise when data about a new processor is leaked. The newest leak come to us from DonanimHaber. The site has published a report that details the information on the newest mobile processor that AMD plans to release later in this year. The processor, which has been dubbed the A8-3530MX is expected to launch as part of the company’s Llano notebook APU line of machines, which will feature a set of four processing cores and an integrated graphics processor that has the Northbridge components embedded in the chipset.The four cores in the CPU will each be capable of operating at a base frequency of 1.9GHz. The processors can get a boost, with the help of a TurboCore they will be able to reach a top speed of up to 2.6GHz. Either way, the processor will be paired with 4MB of L2 cache.The graphics are being handled by a Radeon HD 6620G, which has been clocked at 444MHz. This is actually a bit slower than some of the current options, which can be clocked to 500MHz that you will find inside the low-voltage E-240 and E-350 machines. The system will also be capable of Blu-ray 3D playback.No word yet on which machines this processor will make its way into or what the machines will cost. Explore further Citation: DonanimHaber leaks data on new AMD processors (2011, May 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-05-donanimhaber-leaks-amd-processors.html New Low-Power Intel Pentium M And Intel Celeron M Processors (PhysOrg.com) — When it comes to the world of computer processors it is all about what it going to happen next. Even if the current generation of processors can do everything that you want them to that tantalizing prospect of what else a new processor could do for you is one that simply cannot be resisted. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Tradeoff coding for quantum communication provides more benefits than previously thought

first_img The scientists, Mark M. Wilde and Patrick Hayden of McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, and Saikat Guha of Raytheon BBN Technologies in Cambridge, Massachusetts, have published their study on the performance gains of trade-off coding in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters.As the scientists explain in their paper, the quantitative study of a channel’s ability to transmit information was initiated by Claude Shannon in 1948. But while Shannon’s theory can successfully determine the capacity of a purely classical channel, it does not account for the quantum properties of channels that are inherent to optical-fiber or free-space communication. Since quantum effects can increase the rate of information transmission, Shannon’s law does not determine the true channel capacity. In the past several years, scientists have worked on extending Shannon’s theory to quantum channels in an attempt to determine the true capacity of communication channels, but more work is needed to fully understand the nature of quantum information transmission.To better understand channel capacities, scientists have also been investigating specific coding strategies that use a combination of classical and quantum techniques, with the goal of finding a strategy that maximizes data transmission rates for both classical and quantum data.“Suppose you would like to send photons at different time instances over a fiber-optic cable (and suppose further that you’re allowed as many ‘uses’ of the channel as you want, with each time instance being a use),” Wilde told Phys.org. “You might want to use the channels for reliably transmitting classical data (as is the case nowadays), or you might want to use them for reliably sending quantum data (hopefully at some future point when quantum computers become ubiquitous in society). Or you might want to use the channels for transmitting both kinds of data. In this latter case, there will be a fundamental trade-off between how much classical data you can send and how much quantum data you can send. Ideally, we’d like to know in principle what are the maximal possible rates for communicating both kinds of data simultaneously, and this is what we’re looking at in the paper.” (Phys.org) — In optical communication systems, the overall performance depends on the strategy used to transmit photons from one location to another. In previous attempts to optimize this performance, scientists found that there is a trade-off between three transmission strategies: classical communication (measured in bits), quantum communication (measured in qubits), and shared entanglement (measured in ebits). But previous research has also suggested that the benefits of using this knowledge to implement “trade-off coding” strategies were too small and the coding too complex to have practical value. Now in a new study, scientists have found that trade-off coding strategies can in fact have remarkable performance gains when communicating over an optical channel compared with other traditional optical communication strategies. The finding could lead to transmitting classical and quantum information simultaneously at much higher rates than is possible with other techniques. Copyright 2012 Phys.Org All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. One strategy for maximizing both classical and quantum data transmission rates is trade-off coding, in which both encoded bits and qubits can be fed into the same channel input. This ability allows for using a small fraction of the overall available photons for the quantum part of the code, while using the rest for classical data transmission. If the code were to use more photons than needed for the quantum component, then these photons would effectively go to waste when instead they could be used for the classical component. The strategy differs from the simpler time-sharing strategy, in which the channel uses are divided up so that for some number of them, you use the best possible strategy for communicating classical data, and for the remainder of the channel uses, you use the best strategy for sending quantum data. As the scientists explain, the trade-off coding strategy can be thought of as a “power-sharing” strategy that packs in extra classical information in a clever way. Although this trade-off sounds advantageous, previous research during the last decade suggested that the benefits might generally be very small. “Igor Devetak and Peter Shor had actually calculated the optimal trade-offs for a dephasing channel, a type of quantum noise dominant in superconducting qubits, for example, and the benefits were so small that it wouldn’t really be that useful to employ a trade-off coding strategy for these channels,” Wilde said. “However, the benefits of trade-off coding depend on the channel over which you’re sending information. In the present work, we show that the gains are surprisingly high for a class of channels known as bosonic channels, which are a quantum-mechanical model for free-space or fiber-optic communication.”Although trade-off coding requires more complex encoding and decoding methods, the new results show that the pay-off is great enough that it should be considered in any practical implementation. In the future, the scientists hope to lay out a full, structured architecture for implementing trade-off coding for bosonic channels.“The payoff is that communication rates can be significantly higher than one might naively expect when employing a time-sharing strategy,” Wilde said. “In our paper, we show that this is possible in principle if the only constraints are the laws of quantum mechanics, but we did not outline a practical encoder/receiver architecture in terms of known optical components that can realize these gains. This is the subject of ongoing research.” (Left) Previous research showed that the transmission rate of an optimal trade-off coding strategy (blue line) for dephasing channels is not much higher than that of a time-sharing strategy (green line). (Right) The new study shows that the transmission rate of a trade-off strategy (blue line) for bosonic channels can be much higher than that of a time-sharing strategy (dashed red line). Image credit: Wilde, et al. ©2012 American Physical Society Entanglement can help in classical communicationcenter_img Explore further More information: Mark M. Wilde, et al. “Information Trade-Offs for Optical Quantum Communication.” PRL 108, 140501 (2012). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.140501 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Trade-off coding for quantum communication provides more benefits than previously thought (2012, April 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-04-trade-off-coding-quantum-benefits-previously.htmllast_img read more

High frame rate cinema booed but shows will go on

first_imgCritics’ arguments over whether a film’s actors, screenplay, or music score are worth the price of the ticket have been overshadowed by controversy over the technology used for making the film. Comments are mixed, from lukewarm to thumbs-down. The movie-making technology in question involves a change from 24 frames per second (fps) to 48 fps. HFR (high frame rate) technology is the “future of film,” say proponents, and a controversy was set off at last month’s Las Vegas showing of director Peter Jackson’s The Hobbit. Like the famous director, James Cameron, Jackson believes that HFR films are the next important chapter in cinema. Panasonic Introduces Next-Generation Blu-ray Disc Player Citation: High frame rate cinema booed but shows will go on (2012, May 4) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-05-high-cinema-booed.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Unlike movies filmed at an industry standard rate of 24 fps, the use of HFR technology offers less flicker, motion blur and stuttered movement. Attempts to reduce motion blur and flicker found in films can only raise the film experience. The impact on 3-D is especially trumpeted, in resolving the medium‘s problematic issues that make viewing difficult for some people. Higher frame rates of 48 FPS and 60 FPS will soon be the norm, say supporters. At last month’s brief preview at CinemaCon 2012 of Jackson’s new film, however, which was presented in 48fps, some critics voiced harsh reactions. While their words differed, their basic opinion is that the 48 fps technique renders a film that looks phony like TV soap operas. Some more specific observations were that the film lacked enough color contrast and that actors seemed “overlit,” according to a report in Variety.As interesting is the response from Jackson to the criticism: He feels that this is new technology that the viewer’s eye just needs to get used to. What is more, there is no going back on what he notes is a significant step forward. Shooting and projecting at 48 fps is said to make the film “much easier to watch, especially in 3-D. We’ve been watching HOBBIT tests and dailies at 48 fps now for several months, and we often sit through two hours worth of footage without getting any eye strain from the 3-D,” he wrote in Facebook.An earlier study from California State University of 400 filmgoers suggested that watching 3-D films raised the risk of eyestrain, headache or trouble with vision. Proponents of 48 fps believe it is just a matter of viewers adjusting. What critics find as “fake,” is verbally recast as “hyper-realism.”Jackson has written that “You get used to this new look very quickly and it becomes a much more lifelike and comfortable viewing experience.”If HFR is the future, then in practical terms that future may require theaters to upgrade their equipment. According to The Rolling Stone, some theater owners are skeptical about upgrading their equipment. Writing in Extreme Tech, David Cardinal said any moves to upgrade theater projectors to 48 fps, even at a cost of several thousand dollars per screen, though, would be worth it for the operators if it gives theater goers a “premium” experience. The word “if” hovers over the question of how quickly moviegoers will realize they are in for a better future of watching films with 48 fps. The swing for and against may be influenced, though, by those who are put off by present-day 3-D as a source of eyestrain. Jackson said 48 fps is more gentle on the eyes.Paul Martinovic in Den of Geek says that the advantage of 48 fps technology making 3-D more watchable is key. Reducing 3-D eye irritants will be a step forward. People who have up to this time avoided 3-D can now get back “into the fray” free of the shackles of blurry vision,” he said. That alone would make it an economically smart move for industry adoption, he added. © 2012 Phys.Orglast_img read more

Remnants of supernova explosion found in ancient magnetotactic bacteria

first_img More information: Abstract: X8.00002 : Search for Supernova 60Fe in the Earth’s Fossil Record, Bulletin of the American Physical Society, meetings.aps.org/Meeting/APR13/Event/192798Approximately 2.8 Myr before the present our planet was subjected to the debris of a supernova explosion. The terrestrial proxy for this event was the discovery of live atoms of 60Fe in a deep-sea ferromanganese crust. The signature for this supernova event should also reside in magnetite (Fe3O4) magnetofossils produced by magnetotactic bacteria extant at the time of the Earth- supernova interaction, provided the bacteria preferentially uptake iron from fine-grained iron oxides and ferric hydroxides. Using empirically derived microfossil concentrations in a deep-sea drill core, we deduce a conservative estimate of the 60Fe fraction as 60Fe/Fe =3.6×10−15. This value sits comfortably within the sensitivity limit of present accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) capabilities. This talk will detail the present status of our 60Fe AMS search in magnetofossils and (possibly) show our initial results.via Nature News Bishop analyzed sample cores from strata roughly 100,000 years apart within deposits from 1.7 to 3.3 Mya. Iron-60 is not a product of any processes occurring here on earth, so any supply of it can be assumed to from a non-terrestrial source. Bishop was able to extract out all the iron-60 of biological origin, and quantify it with a mass spectrometer. The amounts found were small, but they were enough to reliably date the sample to a period around 2.2 Mya. Other researchers, peripheral to the project, were then able to suggest a possible candidate star that dates to this period may lie in the Scorpius-Centaurus stellar association, roughly 130 pcs (424 light-years) from the sun.Iron-60 has a half-life of 2.6 million years, and makes an ideal clock for dating deposits on this timescale. It undergoes beta decay to form cobalt-60. A likely source for the iron concentrations in the deep-sea cores could be magnetotactic bacteria. These creatures incorporate crystals of magnetite (Fe3O4) in the form of long chains inside specialized organelles called magnetosomes. These organelles are used to sense the earth’s magnetic field and possibly navigate in response to it. Magnetite-containing bacteria are today usually found in transition zones where oxygen-rich waters meet anoxic waters. These discoveries paint a dramatic scene of supernova explosions raining down radioactive debris on the ancient earth. These deposits then filtered through the water where they also got incorporated into various iron-sulfide reactions, or manganese nodules still mined today. Many people might remember Howard Hughes’ Glomar Explorer project, and the dramatic CIA efforts to find the wreck of the Soviet K-129 nuclear submarine. Mining the iron-rich manganese nodules was the convenient alibi the Glomar explorer used while it searched for the secret sub. Exploration of the deep links between the earth and its cosmic neighbors will undoubtedly continue to give tremendous insight into events both here and beyond. Exploding star missing from formation of solar system Explore further (Phys.org) —Back in 2004, German scientists discovered traces of supernova ejecta that had been deposited in the deep-sea ferromanganese crust of the pacific ocean. They dated the supernova event to 2.8 million years ago (Mya), using estimates from the decay of iron-60 radioisotope. They were also able to estimate the distance of the supernova event to 10 parsecs (pc) from our sun, based on the amount of iron-60 deposited. At the April 14th meeting of the American Physical Society, a Canadian scientist, Shawn Bishop, reported finding traces of iron-60 of supernova origin in the fossilized remains of a common bacteria. By accurately dating the sediment cores in which the samples were found, Bishop appears to have discovered the first biological signature of an ancient supernova event, and may even be able to link it to a specific exploding star. © 2013 Phys.org Citation: Remnants of supernova explosion found in ancient magnetotactic bacteria (2013, April 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-04-remnants-supernova-explosion-ancient-magnetotactic.html Credit: NASA This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

More evidence of sound waves carrying mass

first_img For many years physicists have felt confident that sound waves carry energy—but there was no evidence to suggest they also carry mass. There seemed to be no reason to believe that they would generate a gravitational field. But that changed last year when Nicolis and another physicist Riccardo Penco found evidence that suggested conventional thinking was wrong. They had used quantum field theory to show that sound waves moving through superfluid helium carried a small amount of mass with them. More specifically, they found that phonons interacted with a gravitational field in a way that forced them to carry mass along as they moved through the material. In this new effort, the researchers report evidence that suggests the same results hold true for most materials.Using effective field theory, they showed that a single-watt sound wave that moved for one second in water would carry with it a mass of approximately 0.1 milligrams. They further note that the mass was found to be a fraction of the total mass of a system that moved with the wave, as it was displaced from one site to another.Importantly, the researchers did not actually measure mass being carried by a sound wave—they used math to prove it happens. For real-world measurement, they suggest experiments could be conducted with sound waves as they move through a Bose-Einstein condensate made of very cold atoms—such a setup should show enough mass being carried to allow for measurement. But they also note a better approach might be to measure the mass being carried by sound waves moving through the Earth as part of a quake. That much sound could carry billions of kilograms of mass, which might be visible on devices that measure gravitational fields. Citation: More evidence of sound waves carrying mass (2019, March 6) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-03-evidence-mass.html Credit: CC0 Public Domain A trio of researchers at Columbia University has found more evidence showing that sound waves carry mass. In their paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters, Angelo Esposito, Rafael Krichevsky and Alberto Nicolis describe using effective field theory techniques to confirm the results found by a team last year attempting to measure mass carried by sound waves. Researchers suggest phonons may have mass and perhaps negative gravity Journal information: Physical Review Letterscenter_img Explore further © 2019 Science X Network This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: Angelo Esposito et al. Gravitational Mass Carried by Sound Waves, Physical Review Letters (2019). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.084501last_img read more

Astronomers investigate jet kinematics of the blazar 4C2135

first_img © 2019 Science X Network More information: Taeseok Lee et al. Jet Kinematics of the Quasar 4C +21.35 from Observations with the KaVA Very Long Baseline Interferometry Array. arXiv:1904.02894 [astro-ph.GA]. arxiv.org/abs/1904.02894 Citation: Astronomers investigate jet kinematics of the blazar 4C+21.35 (2019, April 15) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-04-astronomers-jet-kinematics-blazar-4c2135.html Using very-long-baseline-interferometry (VLBI), an international team of astronomers has conducted a kinematic study of a jet of the blazar 4C+21.35. The research, presented in a paper published April 5 on the arXiv pre-print repository, sheds more light on the nature of this quasar and its jet. Fast, very high-energy gamma-ray flare detected from the blazar BL Lacertae A 22 GHz KaVA image of 4C +21.35. Credit: Lee et al., 2019. Blazars are very compact quasars associated with supermassive black holes at the centers of active, giant elliptical galaxies. Based on their optical emission properties, astronomers divide blazars into two classes: flat-spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs) that feature prominent and broad optical emission lines, and BL Lacertae objects (BL Lacs), which do not.In general, blazars belong to a larger group of active galaxies that host active galactic nuclei (AGN), and their characteristic features are relativistic jets pointed almost exactly toward the Earth. However, the detailed mechanisms of ejection and collimation of jets are still poorly understood, and more studies of this phenomenon are required to improve our knowledge on the subject.At a redshift of 0.433, the blazar 4C+21.35, also known as PKS 1222+216, is a nearby very-high-energy (VHE) flat-spectrum radio quasar. Previous studies have revealed that the object exhibits super-luminal apparent jet motions with apparent speeds ranging from three to 25 times greater than the speed of light (c) at milliarcsecond scales. Observations of this source also detected three gamma-ray flares—two occured in 2010 and one in 2014.A group of astronomers led by Taeseok Lee of Seoul National University, South Korea, decided to observe 4C+21.35 using the Korean VLBI Network (KVN) and VLBI Exploration of Radio Astrometry (VERA) array (KaVA). The aim of this observational campaign was to characterize in detail the kinematics of the blazar and to investigate the connection between kinematics and gamma-ray activity in this object.”Since 4C+21.35 shows ongoing vigorous γ-ray activity and blazars are famous for their fast variability, persistent and frequent monitoring of the source structure is essential. We therefore studied the kinematics of the jet of 4C+21.3 with bi-weekly radio interferometric mapping observations, providing an unprecedented density of data,” the astronomers wrote in the paper.KaVA observations between mid-2014 and mid-2016 have revealed that at 22 GHz, 4C+21.35 has a compact straight jet, uncovering three components in the inner jet and two in the blob. All the jet components show linear outward motion—the further from the core, the faster they move, with apparent speeds reaching 14.4 c.The researchers found a connection between the innermost component that became visible in early 2016 and the gamma-ray flare spotted in November 2014. They report that the timing of the ejection of the new component is consistent with this flare.”Extrapolating the position of the newly emerged component (component C in Figure1) back to zero distance from the core suggests an ejection in 2014.5 ± 3.4, assuming a constant component speed, consistent with the peak time of the mid-November 2014 γ-ray flare,” the paper reads.Furthermore, KaVA observations at 43 GHz detected four inner jet components with apparent speeds from 3.5 to 6.8 c. However, when compared to the results from previous studies, the newly calculated apparent speeds turned out to be about 50 percent lower.According to the authors of the paper, this “loss of speed” could be a consequence of the fact that an AGN jet is not a group of discrete, point-like sources, but a complex continuous distribution of matter. They added that the discrepancy in the result could be also due temporal undersampling, which often leads to misidentification of components or overestimation of apparent jet speeds.All in all, the study highlights the importance of high cadence observations in order to avoid misunderstanding the jet kinematics. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Evidence found of fish swimming in unison 50 million years ago

first_img Journal information: Proceedings of the Royal Society B © 2019 Science X Network Citation: Evidence found of fish swimming in unison 50 million years ago (2019, May 29) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-evidence-fish-unison-million-years.html Researchers claim evidence suggests cichlid fish evolved long after Gondwana rifted apart To test whether the fish had been swimming in unison, the researchers took measurements of the fish and developed a computer simulation. They ran simulations under 1000 different scenarios (varying water flow, spatial distribution, etc.). The simulations showed the fish swimming in unison following the same two rules as modern fish. They suggest that their simulations provide evidence of fish swimming in unison during the Eocene—probably for the same reason that fish do it today, to reduce their chances of being eaten by a predator. Credit: © Mizumoto et al./Proceedings of the Royal Society B Credit: © Mizumoto et al./Proceedings of the Royal Society B Scientists studying animals such as birds, fish and insects that fly not only in formations but with some degree of uniformity have found that they all follow two simple rules: avoid running into neighbors, and mimic the actions of the rest of the group. It is not known when such behaviors first evolved, but evidence now reported by the team with this new effort suggests it goes back at least 50 million years.The researchers came upon the stone slab preserving the fossils while visiting the Oishi Fossils Gallery of Mizuta Memorial Museum in Japan. After gaining permission to study the slab, the team found that there were 259 fossilized fish embedded in the stone that had already been dated. They identified them as Erismatopterus levatus, a tiny fish that once inhabited intermountain lakes. The specimens in the slab appeared to be juveniles, but there was no evidence indicating how they had been entombed together and so quickly—the researchers suggest it might have happened as the result of a collapsing underwater sand formation. The researchers were intrigued by the positioning of the fish—almost all of them were swimming in the same direction in a pattern reminiscent of modern fish that swim in uniform schools. Explore further More information: Nobuaki Mizumoto et al. Inferring collective behaviour from a fossilized fish shoal, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (2019). DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2019.0891 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Credit: © Mizumoto et al./Proceedings of the Royal Society B A team of researchers from Arizona State University working with a group from the Oishi Fossils Gallery of Mizuta Memorial Museum in Japan has found evidence of fish swimming in unison approximately 50 million years ago. In their paper published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, the group describes their study of a slab of stone containing an entire school of fossilized fish and what they found.last_img read more

Teen Gets Life Sentence For Killing Police Off

first_imgTeen Gets Life Sentence For Killing Police Officer In… by NPR News Bill Chappell 8.21.19 3:57pm A Baltimore County judge has sentenced Dawnta Harris to a life term in prison for the murder of police Officer Amy Caprio. Harris was 16 when the stolen Jeep he was driving ran over Caprio, 29, in the spring of 2018. Within days of Caprio’s death, Harris was charged as an adult, facing a count of first-degree murder. If the sentence withstands an appeal, Harris would be able to seek parole. In the past decade, the Supreme Court has issued several rulings that struck down mandatory terms of life in prison without parole for felons who committed homicide as juveniles.On the day Caprio died, she was investigating a report of a suspicious vehicle in a neighborhood that had recently been hit by several burglaries. She tracked down a black Jeep Wrangler, with Harris at the wheel. At the time, police say, three other suspects were burglarizing a nearby home.An arrest had seemed imminent when the Jeep stopped at the end of the cul-de-sac. After parking her patrol car to block the exit, Caprio got out, drew her gun and stood in front of the car, ordering Harris to get out of the Jeep. After reviewing body cam footage of the incident, police said that Harris had at first seemed to be obeying Caprio’s order to get out — but then he suddenly got back in his seat and drove straight at her. Caprio was able to fire a single shot into the Jeep’s windshield before she was fatally struck.Harris was arrested shortly afterwards; in an hours-long interview with police, he admitted that he panicked during the confrontation with Caprio, The Baltimore Sun reports. “Three others, identified as Harris’ accomplices, also face murder charges,” member station WYPR reported when Harris was convicted in May. “Under Maryland law, if someone’s killed during a burglary, accomplices can be found guilty of the slaying along with the killer.”Those three suspects are also being charged as adults, according to the Baltimore County Police Department.Harris did not speak in court on Wednesday; instead, his lawyer read aloud a statement in which Harris said he was sorry, according to reporter Abby Isaacs of local TV station WMAR. Isaacs adds that Harris’ defense team plans to appeal — and that they’re “grateful he can spend part of his time in Patuxent Institution’s Youth Program, which dedicates more resources to counseling and rehabilitation.”Responding to Wednesday’s sentencing, Baltimore County Councilman David Marks — who represents the neighborhood where the killing took place — issued a statement:”No penalty can bring back Officer Caprio or eliminate the pain and suffering inflicted on Officer Caprio’s family and the Perry Hall neighborhood I represent. I would like to thank the prosecutors who pursued the toughest sanctions allowed by law.”The case has unfolded as Baltimore deals with the fallout from the death of Freddie Gray after being taken into police custody, while also coping with a tragically high murder rate and persistent claims of police misconduct.And as the Sun reports, “The murder of a white police woman by a black teenager set off a firestorm of debate, much of it racially charged.”Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit NPR.last_img read more

its one sketch for a good time

first_imgCelebrating 25 years of success, Gallery Escape has organised a show titled Drawing 2014: Seven Decades of Indian Drawing, featuring drawings by over hundred Indian contemporary artists spanning over seven decades. The show is co-curated by Prayag Shukla along with Annapurna Garimella and Sindhura Jois DM from Jackfruit Research and Design, Bangalore. The exhibition  will display works dating from 1947 to the present in which drawing is presented as a broad and inclusive practice. Along with works on single sheets of paper, there will be artists’ books, studies for other projects, multiples, laser drawings, animation and more. This breadth allows curators and viewers to understand how an academic practice moves between the pedagogic and the conceptual realms and between established and experimental ways of working. The exhibition spans a broad expanse of time and seeks to evaluate modern and contemporary art through the medium of drawing. It is to perceive how Indian artists have adopted and experimented with ideas and materials which are brought from elsewhere. It also questions about art practices. What is Indian art today? What are the possibilities that drawing offers? How does an artist perceive drawing as a work of art and how does he or she distinguish drawing from any other work of art? By asking such questions, the exhibition seeks to document, analyze and celebrate several art historically distinct Indian approaches to drawing.Gallery Espace was started in 1989 by Renu Modi at the suggestion of the Husain himself and was one of the first art galleries in India to introduce variable lighting and sound systems, in recognition of the crucial factor that is the environment within which a work of art is displayed. Apart from this expansive show, there will be several collateral/outreach events that will reflect on the significance of drawings in art and other disciplines.When: 10 – 28 NovemberWhere: IGNCA, JanpathTiming: 11 am – 7 pmlast_img read more

Of Sex lies and artscapes

first_imgHer ideas flow; senses come alive as she uses women’s breasts and nipples to communicate her concerns on gender issues. Joshi belongs to a new breed of young artists, who have no qualms in addressing identity issues like sexuality and feminism in a direct, bold and often radical manner. Several forms have been integrated to these extraordinary and surreal sculptures, in varying complexities and sizes. Her ingenious ideas break away from the ordinary mould as her hard-hitting images seizes the viewer’s attention. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’She creates the ridiculous to make an observation on life and society and reacts against censorship of the female body that still prevails in our society. Why is the same breast that was precious when it fed a child treated as a sexual object, seriously questions the artist. For the artist a nipple without a breast is just an innocent brown circle and does not merit censorship. Moreover, she seems to be saying, ‘I am a woman everywhere, not just in my breasts!’ Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixJoshi’s voyage into self-discovery and experiment are intense in works like the large Roots and Wings. The artist presents the challenge of identity faced by women. For Joshi it is as important for a woman to be able to define herself with situations and conditions she is born with, as well as departures from them.Megha started her career as a Set Designer and Art Director for film and television, with over seventy projects to her credit, before returning to full time art practice. She has participated in numerous curated group shows and residencies, both nationally and internationally including R.A.P.E at Art Bull, The Embedded Landscape at Religare Arts and Make/Do at Gallery Ske. Her work has been exhibited at the India Art Summit 2009 and 2011 and the India Art Fair 2012 and 2013. Megha has also been part of several residencies like those at Religare Arts, New Delhi, Scotland, and an International art residency and exhibition in Iceland, supported by the Ministry of Science and Culture of Iceland. Megha trained as a sculptor has a natural talent of drawing and doodling. Her fluid thoughtful lines mark some particular ink and watercolor /mixed media works that simply stand out by their sheer intensity. Megha’s practice spans Sculpture and Installation art and she works with a vast array of media including her recent stint with photography using herself as a subject. She puts together a high impact show, with the intent to awaken consciences rather than merely shock right from her soul, a silent rebellion, not to be ignored.last_img read more

5 killed 5 injured in three separate road accidents

first_imgKolkata: Five persons were killed and five others have been injured in three separate road accidents in South Bengal districts on Sunday.Among the deceased, there were two relatives of a councillor from Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC). The accident took place on National Highway 6 in Howrah’s Uluberia on early Sunday morning where two persons were killed and three others injured. According to police, one Pritam Saha, son-in-law of KMC councillor Bapi Ghosh, was returning home along with his wife, son and other family members when they met with a fatal road accident. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThey were traveling in a car and Saha was driving the vehicle. The car rammed into a truck from behind at around 3.30 am on Sunday. Saha and his son Sivam who was on the front seat of the car were declared brought dead by the doctors after they were taken to Uluberia Sub-divisional hospital. Pritam Saha was the son-in-law of the councillor. Due to the intensity of the accident, Sivam went out of the car and fell on the road. Police suspect that the accident took place as the truck suddenly stopped on the road. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedPolice said the victims were returning home at Ultadanga from Kolaghat when the driver lost control over the vehicle and it hit the truck near Manasatala area under Uluberia police station. Pritam’s wife Satarupa, her mother Madhumita Ghosh who is also the wife of the councillor received injuries in the accident. A teenager found to be Sivam’s friend who was also travelling in the car sustained injuries in the accident. An eyewitness told the police that the vehicle was at a high speed when the driver lost control and rammed into a truck. Police and some locals rushed the victims to the hospital.In a separate incident, two others identified as Sujit Chatterjee and Durga Das Dey were knocked down by a speeding car in Khamarberia area under Onda police station in Bankura. They were pronounced brought dead after being taken to Bankura Sammilani Medical College and Hospital. Police said Chatterjee was riding a scooter while Dey was on his bicycle when they were hit by the car one after the other. They received multiple injuries on their bodies. The driver fled the spot leaving the vehicle there immediately after the accident. Police suspect that the driver was in a drunken state when the accident happened.The third accident took place in South 24-Parganas’ Baruipur when a speeding truck smashed a 30-year-old woman, Jahanara Bibi near Sitakundu Bazar on Baruipur-Champahati road under Baruipur police station. The victim was a resident of Kalikapur area. She was trying to cross the road on Sunday morning when the incident happened. Locals staged a protest demonstration in the area alleging the rash driving of the vehicles. The body of the woman has been sent for the postmortem examination. Police are conducting raids to nab the driver who fled the spot along with the vehicle.last_img read more

LS RS Delhi High Court not filing RTI compliance reports

first_imgCommonwealth Human Right Initiative (CHRI) did a study of annual reports of the Central Information Commission which has been tabled in the Parliament every year and concluded that CIC is not able to compel a large number of public authorities to submit data.Every public authority under the RTI Act is mandated to submit the statistics related to processing of the information seeking applications every year to the CIC.”More than a quarter of the public authorities have not reported their RTI stats to the CIC. The reporting compliance rose in 2012-13 but fell again in 2013-14. The highest rate was in 2005-06 followed by 2007-08 when the reporting was more than 85 per cent,” the analysis by Venkatesh Nayak shows.He claimed there is a drop in the percentage of public authorities reporting to the CIC on RTI statistics.”Parliament secretariats of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha have never given RTI statistics to the CIC even once in the last nine years. This is something which the CIC is not even mentioning in its report.last_img read more

Pottery remnants point to links

first_imgRemnants of ancient Indian pottery, beads and even Indian DNA found in human bones point to thriving trade and social contacts between India and Bali dating back to more than 2,000 years.Besides trade, Indian merchants brought with them their language —Sanskrit —and the influence of Hinduism and Buddhism, noted Indonesian archaeologist I Wayan Ardika said.Fresh evidence of age-old close links between India and Southeast Asia has been found in the ancient port towns of Sembiran and Pacung in northern Bali, says Ardika. The major Indian port of connect with Bali in Indonesia and other places in Southeast Asia was Arikamedu, a thriving port located seven kilometres from Puducherry from where archaeologists have unearthed Roman artefacts too. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’“Trade between India and Bali can be traced from as early as the late 2nd century BC. A lot of evidence exists in Sembiran and Pacung, and also the ancient port town of Julah,” Ardika told a media person on the sidelines of an international meet on Asean-India Cultural Links.The influence of Sanskrit and the ideology of Hinduism and Buddhism which the Indian traders brought along, “stimulated the rise of early state formation of kingdoms (in Bali) with an Indian base,” said Ardika, a professor of archaeology at Udayana University in Bali. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixHe said Julah, located near Sembiran and Pacung, was a thriving port from between the 2nd century BC and 12th century AD —for 14 centuries.Archaeologists have found evidence of Sanskrit in the local script of the late 9th century AD. “In my research covering Julah, and Sembiran and Pacung, I found numerous artefacts, pottery shards, beads brought by Indian traders,” the expert, who read a paper at the July 23-24 conference, told a media person. The burial sites at Julah (from late 2nd century BC to 12th century AD) showed up Indian DNA on the human remains.“We found Indian DNA on the human remains which indicates there was marriage; the Indian trader may have married locals,” Ardika said. The inscriptions on the pottery also had the names of places located in India like Nalanda, Amravati and Varanasi. In those early times, high functionaries or priests in the Balinese kingdoms named their residences after Indian names like Nalanda, Varanasi, Senapati and Amravati, Ardika added.The names of some Indian places were adopted to the local ones too —between the 9th century AD to 11th century AD. Small clay Buddhist stupas, measuring 10 cm high, were found in Pejeng, in central Bali, a rich centre of archaeological remains. The small stupas, dated from the 8th century AD, show a lot of Indian influence, he said, adding that many stupas were also found in central Java, indicating the reach of Indian traders.According to Ardika, the Indian influence in Bali came in two surges –in the 2nd century BC and later in 8th century AD, which also brought with it Buddhism.“In the early times, Indian traders came and stimulated the social structures (with Sanskrit, and Hindu and Buddhist ideology). When Bali adopted Buddhism, the second migration from the 8th century AD to 11th century AD came to strengthen the Indian influence. It was the second massive contact with India,” he said.Ardika said the international Asean-India Cultural Links conference was an “important start to do more research on the links between India and Southeast Asia and also China”.The July 23-24 conference was the first such meeting of artists, historians and archaeologists from India and the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations.last_img read more

Sania to get Khel Ratna

first_imgThe sports ministry on Friday confirmed that tennis icon Sania Mirza will be awarded the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, the country’s highest sporting honour, while 17 others, including cricketer Rohit Sharma, hockey goalkeeper P.R. Sreejesh and ace shooter Jitu Rai will be given Arjuna awards.Apart from the quartet, wrestlers Bajrang and Babita Kumari, men’s singles shuttler Kidambi Srikanth, boxer Mandeep Jangra, rower Sawarn Singh, 400 metres runner M.R. Poovamma, archer Sandeep Kumar, 2014 Commonwealth Games medal winning gymnast Dipa Karmakar, kabaddi players Manjeet Chillar and Abhilasha Shashikant Mhatre, roller skater Anup Kumar Yama, weightlifter S. Sathish Kumar, wushu athlete Y. Sanathoi Devi and para-swimmer Sharath M. Gaekwad will also be given the annual Arjuna awards.“A large number of nominations were received for these awards this year, which were considered by the Selection Committee headed by Justice V.K. Bali, former Chief Justice of Kerala High Court and consisting of eminent sportspersons and sports administrators,” the ministry said in a statement.last_img read more

Odisha Calling

first_imgOne of the oldest and popular sea Ports of India, a state which houses many ancient Hindu temples and is famous for its rich tribal heritage, Odisha is the tourist’s paradise. Located on the eastern coast of the country, the state has many stunning destinations which offer a visual feast to the tourists and visitors. In order to promote tourism and attract domestic as well as international tourists, the Department of Tourism (DoT), government of Odisha, will be organising a road show in the national capital. The objective is to promote the state and its variety of tourism products in the western part of India.  Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The road show will benefit and provide information on Odisha Tourism to the tour lovers, tour operators, travel agents, travel writers, journalists, etc. Odisha tourism has already organised various roadshows last year and this year they are organising 10 roadshows across different cities in the country. Travel to Odisha is truly an amasing experience that attracts people from all parts of the world for its sculptural and artistic heritage. The Sun Temple at Konark, a UNESCO Heritage site; the temple of Lord Jagannath at Puri; one of the four cardinal centres for Hindus (Char Dhams) of India and temple city of Bhubaneswar are some of the important and popular tourist destinations.  Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe Buddhist heritage of Odisha comprising of Ratnagiri, Lalitgiri, Udayagiri, Langudi and Dhauli attracts tourists from all over the world. The serene beaches at Puri, Chandipur, Gopalpur and Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary, the second largest mangrove forest in India, Simlipal National Park to name a few are the most sought after tourist destinations. The rock-cut caves of Khandagiri and Udaygiri at Bhubaneswar, depicting Jain heritage, throw light on the magnificent past of Odisha. Chilika, the largest brackish water lake in Asia and a Ramsar site of India with 1100 sq.kms area, is famous for Dolphins and migratory birds. A number of events to promote tourism like Konark Festival (December 1-5), International Sand Art Festival (December 1-5), Parab Tribal Festival (November 16-18), Dhanu Yatra Festival (December – January) Rajarani Music Festival (January 18-20), Mukteswar Dance Festival (January 14-16) etc. will be held to attract more of domestic and international tourists. A progressive and investment friendly tourism policy has been in operation since April 2013. As per the policy a State Level Single Window Committee has been created for speedy implementation of the projects; several incentives have been announced for the Tourism stake holders as part of promotional initiatives. In August last year, the Light & Sound Show (SEL) has been started at Dhauli which will be held at Konark and Khandagiri-Udayagiri as well.Odisha Tourism Development Corporation has also been playing a key role in the promotion and development of Tourism in the state. It covers a wide range of facilities to the tourists and visitors with its 22 strategically located hotels and restaurants. The Airport has opened to international sector and will definitely give a surge in tourist traffic.last_img read more

Four state footballers to go to Germany

first_imgDarjeeling: Football has been used in the past as an effective tool to improve relationship between the police and public in Darjeeling. This time, police backed by “Football Next Foundation” are all set to send 4 youths from West Bengal including a 23-year-old hill footballer to Germany so that they get exposed to international football.The police had organised a football tournament among the 4 GTA constituencies that were the worst hit by the agitation in Darjeeling last year. On March 4, 2018, the finals were held. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life”Manish Subba of Poolbazar had become the Man of the Series. We have decided to send him to Germany so that he gets adequate international exposure and pass on the experience to other budding footballers,” stated Akhilesh Chaturvedi, Superintendent of Police, Darjeeling. Two footballers from Kolkata and one from Jangalmahal will also visit Germany along with Subba. They will depart for Germany on November 6. “We have tied up with Eintracht Frankfurt Club. The visiting footballers will be with the club in Germany for a week. They will get exposure to international tournaments. They will practice football and learn new techniques,” stated Kaushik Moulik, Founder of Football Next Foundation. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killed”It is a dream come true for me. I never had dreamed of making it to Germany. I would like to pass on whatever I learn to the kids who are interested in football,” stated Subba. The 23-year-old is a resident of Upper Line, Pulbazar in the Darjeeling sub division. He comes from a humble background with both parents unemployed. “I have been playing football since Class 5. I am self-taught. I played for my school team, Darjeeling Government College team and North Bengal University team,” stated the striker. The Foundation has plans to open up a football academy in Darjeeling. “We will tie up with Darjeeling Police for opening up the academy. Around 20 kids under the age of 12 years will be trained for 3 years. They will study football as a curriculum. Then they will be taken to Germany. Darjeeling is a very big brand in Europe because of Tea.We will encash on this tying Football with Tea,” added Moulik. The Foundation has the motto — “Football can change life.”last_img read more

Monitoring devices to keep tab on pollution in city

first_imgKOLKATA: As a part of a survey to monitor the air quality at prime locations, the World Bank has started installing special monitoring devices at 20 locations across the city.Known as the portable air quality monitoring device, it will be installed atop light posts on the roadside for giving real time data of particulate matter in air (PM 2.5 and PM 2.10). The devices will be set up at a distance of tentatively 2 km in the areas, where the air quality has been found to be very poor due to heavy vehicular movement. The survey by the World Bank will continue till December and if required, such devices might get installed at more locations. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeIt may be mentioned that currently there are 17 pollution monitoring stations under West Bengal Pollution Control Board among which three are automatic. However, it has been found that one or two among the automatic ones often remain defunct. The data available from the manual stations are scrutinised at the international level. According to sources in the state Transport department, the World Bank has already undertaken a project for integrated public transport management in the city. This, air quality monitoring is also a part of the integrated public transport management project. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe project will take into account various aspects like road space in the city, vehicular pollution, volume of traffic on important roads in Kolkata and Howrah and accordingly come up with an ideal mode share of public transport like buses and taxis. The Transport department has requested IIT Kharagpur to prepare a report on the ideal number of public vehicles that should ply on the city roads on a daily basis so that commuters have a hassle-free travelling experience. There have been suggestions of making amendments in traffic rules for such an integrated system which is being discussed at the government level. It has been found that air pollution in Kolkata rises to higher proportions, particularly during winter and PM 2.5 reaches alarming proportions. The World Bank, however, will not share the findings of the devices with the common people. The data will be shared with the state government and Kolkata Traffic police so that steps are taken to curb pollution in places where it is found to be alarming. Some years ago, car parking was banned near Victoria Memorial after PM quality was found to be very high.last_img read more

St Columbus completes its Platinum Jubilee

first_imgIt was a memorable occasion for the students and staff of St. Columba’s to be a part of the Platinum Jubilee Closing Ceremony on April 28. The celebration commenced with a Mass held in the Middle School Auditorium followed by a dazzling cultural fiesta in the Edmund Rice Hall.The Most Reverent Anil J.T Couto, the Archbishop of Delhi blessed the ceremony. This was followed by a symphony orchestrated by Macdonald and his band of 34 boys. Invitees of the day were Rev. Theodore Mascarenhas, Dr WayneTinsey, Dr Guleria and Principals of various prestigious schools of Delhi. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfDr Wayne, the key note speaker offered his sincere congratulations and expressed his gratitude to the Christian Brothers who helped in the formation of generations of young men. The other highlights of the ceremony were Vande Matram, Presentation of mementoes to Staff, Medley of songs, Bequest, Sufi fusion dance. Through a video message titled Guiding Hands, an attempt was made to capture some moments with the Christian Brothers, who have left behind their imprints through the illustrious years they had spent in the school.This was followed by Principal Br Miranda’s speech where he emphasized on holistic education and the values of Blessed Edmund Rice that students gain from St.Columba’s. The ceremony concluded with Mrs Sheel, the Headmistress of Middle School giving the vote of thanks. The event was brought to a close with a prayer by Rev Theodore Mascarenhas.last_img read more

Try Indian spices to ward off winter sickness

first_imgTry spices at home to ward off cough and cold. They not only emit tantalizing aromas and make your meals delicious, but also protect you from infections. Star anise can help fight sore throat, cardamom resolves digestive issues and nutmeg boosts immunity, suggest experts.Here are a few spices that can be the best medicines during winters:Star anise: Rich in antioxidants and vitamins A and C, star anise is effective in easing sore throats and colds. Its antifungal and antibacterial abilities can keep you away from flu and other viral infections in this season. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfIf you are suffering from a sore throat or a bad cough, drink tea made with this star-shaped spice. Add two anise seed pods in boiling water for over 15 minutes. Strain the tea and add a few drops of honey. Drink this tea thrice daily to avail immunity-boosting benefits.Saffron: Apart from adding a vibrant colour to your dishes, saffron has several health benefits too. If you’re looking for an instant relief from cold, mix a few strands in milk and apply the same on your forehead. This technique is a sure-shot one to treat colds due to seasonal change. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveTurmeric: A glass of turmeric milk gulped down every day in the winter months will boost your immunity system and keep you away from various infections. Turmeric has antioxidants, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory benefits that will help prevent and tackle a number of diseases.Fenugreek: Do you like laddoos? Try putting fenugreek seeds, ginger, fennel seeds and jaggery in it. Fenugreek seeds are packed with antiviral properties and have the ability to kill viruses that cause sniffles and sore throats. Nutmeg: This is a warm spice and can be added in your sweet and savoury food items to boost their flavours. It has strong antibacterial properties that help boost the immune system. A cup of hot milk with nutmeg powder, a few drops of honey and crushed cardamom is sure to keep your winter blues away.Black pepper: With a distinctive taste and pungent aroma, this spice contains various anti-oxidants that accelerate the body’s metabolism. Add this incredible spice to any cuisine or use it as a condiment and enjoy the fine flavour along with its myriad health benefits.Cloves: Rich in antioxidants, cloves have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and dental-soothing properties. Widely recognised the world over for its medicinal and culinary qualities, these dried flower buds have distinct flavour and intense aroma. Add cloves to your salad dressings, meats and desserts and relish the bursts of flavours.last_img read more

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