Study links porn use to lower sexual and relationship satisfaction — but only among men

first_imgNew research suggests that pornography can adversely affect men’s satisfaction with their romantic relationships.The researchers conducted a meta-analysis — a method of statistically summarizing previous research — of 50 studies conducted between 1973 and 2014, with a combined total of 50,000 participants.The meta-analysis found higher levels of pornography use were associated with lower levels of sexual and relational satisfaction — but only among men. In other words, the more often men viewed pornography, the more likely they were to say they were dissatisfied with their sex life or their romantic relationship. However, pornography consumption was not positively or negatively linked to body satisfaction or self-esteem among either men or women. LinkedIn Share Share on Twitter Pinterestcenter_img Share on Facebook Email The study was published in the peer-reviewed journal Human Communication Research on March 2, 2017.PsyPost interviewed the study’s corresponding author, Paul J. Wright of Indiana University, Bloomington. Read his responses below:PsyPost: Why were you interested in this topic?Wright: We became interested in this topic because the questions of whether consuming pornography has any discernible impact on consumers’ satisfaction, and if so, whether the impact is negative or positive, have stimulated a large number of studies, but uncertainty about their answers had remained among communication scholars.What should the average person take away from your study?Contrary to the statements of consumers when asked directly about how pornography has positively impacted them, it seems unlikely that an increase in the frequency and intensity of consumption would, on the average, lead to a corresponding increase in satisfaction with oneself or one’s sexual or romantic relationships. The results of the studies analyzed in our paper, whose designs seem less likely to trigger defensive and rationalizing responses, suggest that women’s satisfaction would on the average be unaffected while men’s sexual and relational satisfaction would on the average be adversely affected.Are there any major caveats? What questions still need to be addressed?There are many important questions that remain unaddressed by the extant literature. As one example, too few studies included mechanism tests for any type of mediational meta-analysis. Mediation tests are needed to evaluate the appropriateness of the theories that have been proposed. Additional moderation analysis is also needed. That the average associations between women’s satisfaction and pornography consumption were not significant does not mean that certain subsets of women less frequently studied are not impacted, for example.Is there anything else you would like to add?While there may be a reciprocal element to these dynamics (i.e., lower sexual and relational satisfaction leading to pornography consumption), the convergence of results across cross-sectional survey, longitudinal survey, and experimental results points to an overall negative effect of pornography on men’s sexual and relational satisfaction.The study, “Pornography Consumption and Satisfaction: A Meta-Analysis“, was also co-authored by Robert S. Tokunaga, Ashley Kraus, and Elyssa Klann.last_img read more

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Four weeks of pranayama breathing exercises reduces anxiety and negative affect and is linked to changes in the brain

first_imgPinterest Share A study published in Frontiers in Psychiatry found evidence to suggest that yoga breathing exercises can lead to improvements in emotional regulation. After pranayama training, participants showed decreased anxiety and negative affect, and changes in areas of the brain related to emotional processing.Pranayama refers to a set of techniques for controlling the breath and involves the practice of regulating inhalation, retention, and exhalation. These breathing exercises have been linked to positive physiological changes in the body, including cardiovascular improvements. There is evidence to suggest that the practice may have positive psychological effects, too.While some studies have suggested that yogic breathing leads to improvements in emotional regulation, little empirical study has considered how these changes may be presented in the brain. Study authors Morgana M. Novaes and her team wanted to explore how pranayama training would influence subjects’ self-reported mood and anxiety within a randomized, controlled study. Additionally, the researchers investigated activity in the brain network implicated in the processing of emotions, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).Thirty young people with an average age of 25 were assigned to one of two conditions. The experimental group took part in a 5-day pranayama training, followed by four weeks of regular pranayama practice. The four weeks involved three supervised 30-minute practices a week and two at-home practices. The control group also attended supervised meet-ups but took part in nonrelated activities such as crosswords and card games.Both groups completed measures of state and trait affect and anxiety, and fMRI assessments. The fMRI assessments were taken during an emotional regulation task and at resting state. All participants were assessed at baseline, and again immediately after the four-week training.After analyzing the data, the researchers uncovered significant differences between the two groups. The pranayama group showed decreased state anxiety, decreased negative affect, and increased positive affect following the yoga breathing intervention.Moreover, the two groups showed differences in fMRI activity. The group who practiced pranayama breathing exercises showed changes in areas of the brain implicated in emotion processing, including the amygdala, anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), anterior insula, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, ventromedial prefrontal cortex, and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex.“The amygdala has been the most cited brain region in studies related to emotion processing. This structure is part of the limbic system and has been particularly associated with negative emotions . . . We found that changes in the amygdala activity were correlated with changes in negative affect,” Novaes and colleagues report.The authors discuss several possible mechanisms through which pranayama might affect emotional regulation. As they point out, research suggests that attention and awareness can affect emotional regulation and that brain activity in the insula, ACC, and amygdala determines the emotional impact of a stimulus.“In line with this hypothesis,” the researchers say, “it has been suggested that the practice of meditation is associated with decreased activity in the amygdala in response to emotional stimuli, besides suggesting the influence of meditation particularly in the insula, ACC, and thalamus. Therefore, bottom-up models of emotion regulation seem to better fit the observed brain changes related to contemplative practices, such as meditation and pranayama.”Although preliminary and exploratory, these findings pave the way for future studies, by suggesting for the first time that pranayama breathing techniques are linked to reduced anxiety and increased positive affect, accompanied by changes in the brain network involved in emotion processing.The study, “Effects of Yoga Respiratory Practice (Bhastrika pranayama) on Anxiety, Affect, and Brain Functional Connectivity and Activity: A Randomized Controlled Trial”, was authored by Morgana M. Novaes, Fernanda Palhano-Fontes, Heloisa Onias, Katia C. Andrade, Bruno Lobão-Soares, Tiago Arruda-Sanchez, Elisa H. Kozasa, Danilo F. Santaella, and Draulio Barros de Araujo.(Image by feelgoodjunkie from Pixabay) Share on Facebookcenter_img LinkedIn Email Share on Twitterlast_img read more

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Consortium Commercial Developments Limited v ABB Limited (30 July 2015)

first_imgEven though the lease expired over 4 years ago, the disrepair and failure to re-instate that existed at lease expiry has not been remedied and the case concerned the amount that should be awarded to the landlord in relation to such breaches of covenant. Such damages being limited by S.18 (1) of the landlord and Tenant Act 1927 to the diminution in value caused by the disrepair.By the time of the trial, the parties’ surveyors had agreed that the total costs of remedying the breaches of covenant came to £315,258.77 and that these works would take 12 weeks to undertake. The landlord claimed a further sum of £45,666.24 in relation to loss of rent and rates during this 12 weeks period based upon the previously passing rent of £160,000 per annum and rates at £728.60 per week.The expert valuers for the landlord and the tenant valued the premises in repair at £1.15millon and £775,000 respectively and, in disrepair, at £600,000 and £700,000 respectively.  Accordingly, it was the landlord’s case that the diminution in value was £550,000 whereas the tenant claimed that the diminution in value was only £75,000.Capella House was built in the early 1990s.  It is a detached single-storey glass-fronted building of just under 15,000 sq.ft.  It is a typical B1 hybrid business unit of its era and it is located on a business park on the fringe of the central business district of Milton Keynes. Buildings in the immediate vicinity are primarily used for warehousing or office purposes, whereas buildings somewhat closer to the Town Centre have been redeveloped for out-of-town retail purposes.The property was sublet in 2003 and, when the sub-tenant vacated about 4 years later, it paid the tenant a sum of £160,000 in relation to its dilapidations liabilities. The tenant then sought to relet the property in its unrepaired condition but it remained vacant for the remainder of the term and ever since.  When the lease expired in 2011, the market was weak and the property had very little prospect of being re-let whilst out of repair. However, the landlord did not want to fund the costs of the works without having first recovered the same from the tenant.  Furthermore, it took the view that it would make better sense to wait until the market improved and a better rent was achievable, rather than to incur the costs at this stage and then having to offer the premises at a low rent.In valuing the property, both valuers considered that the best price that would be obtainable would be by way of a sale to an intending owner/occupier rather than to an investor. Based upon what they considered to be relevant comparables, the valuers considered that the property had a rental value of £77.12 psf. (so far as the landlord’s valuer was concerned), and just over £52.00 psf. so far as the tenant’s valuer was concerned.  However, the Judge was critical of the approach of the landlord’s valuer and his lack of proper analysis. He also considered that the tenant’s valuer had not made appropriate adjustments to comparables to reflect the true rental value. The judge based his view of the correct value of the property in repair upon what he considered to be the best comparable. This had a rental value of £54.44 psf.  The judge adjusted this upwards to take account of the advantages that Capella House had over this comparable and he reached a value of just over £60.00 psf. which resulted in Capella House being valued in repair at £900,000.The judge then went on to consider the out of repair value and he accepted that it was not appropriate to approach this on a pound for pound basis i.e. he held a purchaser would not deduct from the sum of £900,000 the full cost of the repairs.The judge approached the calculation of the deduction for disrepair based on the amount a likely purchaser would factor in for works that it would want to undertake and, having considered comparable evidence, the judge considered that a purchaser would seek a reduction based upon £15.00 psf. which would equate to £225,000.  Accordingly, the judge concluded that the value of the property in disrepair was £675,000 and the diminution in value was £225,000.The judge then considered the claim for costs of some £15,000 for re-instatement works that had not yet been undertaken.  The judge concluded that these items did need to be carried out and would be undertaken eventually to help re-let the premises in good condition. Accordingly, the Judge allowed this claim in full. However, the judge was not sympathetic to the claim for loss of  rent and rates.  The Judge did not think it was correct to simply award rent and rates for 12 weeks just because the works would take that long.  The simple fact of the matter is that the property would have been extremely difficult to relet in 2011 in repair and the claimant could not prove that the disrepair had caused it any loss of rent and rates.Finally, the judge went on to consider the rate of interest the tenant should pay on the damages awarded.  The landlord claimed interest at 6% on the basis that the tenant should be penalised for having retained the sum of £160,000 from its sub-tenant and not having paid any sum at all to the landlord.  The Jjdge, though, considered it inappropriate to penalise the tenant and he awarded interest at what he regarded as a commercial rate of 2.5% above base rate i.e. 3% per annum.In conclusion, the landlord recovered approximately 40% of the amount it was claiming and the tenant paid just over three times the amount that it considered it was liable for.  It would seem likely that the parties’ total legal costs exceeded the amount of the damages awarded and it would be interesting to know who has to pay such costs i.e. whether either party successfully protected their position by way of a Part 36 Offer?Jonathan Ross is head of commercial property litigation at Forsters LLPlast_img read more

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Inbox: Credit where it’s due

first_imgStay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters To continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Get your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our community Subscribe now for unlimited accesslast_img read more

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Barrus handles wind shipment

first_imgThe components were manufactured by LM Wind Power in Bangalore, India. In total, 252 wind turbine blades were required the project, which is being developed by NovaWind.The units were moved from the port of Novorossiysk to a storage site in Nevinnomyssk – a distance of 500 km. barrusprojectlogistics.comlast_img

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Players injured at shooting during soccer match in Barbados

first_imgPresident of the Barbados Football Association (BFA), Randy Harris, has described the Wednesday night football game shooting as “unfortunate”.Two Barbadian soccer players, Jason White of Fairview Christ Church, and Kaymar Holligan of Eden Lodge, St. Michael are currently nursing gunshot wounds.The incident occurred on the Belfield Pasture around 8:30 p.m., during the match White became involved in an altercation with a player from the opposing team.Two fans in support of the opposing team ran onto the pitch and opened fired on White, which resulted in White receiving two injuries to his left food and Holligan also received a gunshot injury to his left foot.“We are going to meet with police to discuss the issue and to look at safety and security at games going forward…We are not specialists in security so we are going to have a meeting with police sometime this morning to get some counsel, advice on how to move forward” Harris said at a press meeting.Harris admitted the incident would “set back” football in Barbados, but with hopes in a growing fan base, spectator crowds, and sponsorship, that in the long run “football would survive”.last_img read more

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Jeremy Hunt confirms he’s been sacked as foreign secretary

first_imgJeremy Hunt has been sacked as foreign secretary.Hunt says he was offered another job (reportedly defence) but decided to return to the backbenches.1/4 I would have been honoured to carry on my work at the FCO but understand the need for a new PM to choose his team. BJ kindly offered me another role but after 9 yrs in Cabinet & over 300 cab mtgs now is the time to return 2 backbenches from where PM will have my full support— Jeremy Hunt (@Jeremy_Hunt) July 24, 2019Announcing his departure on Twitter, Mr Hunt said: “I would have been honoured to carry on my work at the FCO but understand the need for a new PM to choose his team. BJ kindly offered me another role but after 9 yrs in Cabinet & over 300 cab mtgs now is the time to return 2 backbenches from where PM will have my full support.”The Foreign Secretary – who was comprehensively beaten by Boris Johnson in the Tory leadership race – left the Government after turning down the chance to become Defence Secretary.Johnson also axed a number of Mr Hunt’s supporters in a dramatic Cabinet clear-out within two hours of becoming Prime Minister.Hunt who said that he has been cabinet minister for every hour that his three children have been alive, went on to say that it was ‘time for the biggest challenge of all – to be a good dad’.2/4 I’ve been a cabinet minister for every hour my 3 gorgeous children have been alive. So whilst it may seem strange for someone who just tried to become PM (& is a terrible cliche) I have decided now is the time for the biggest challenge of all – to be a GOOD DAD!— Jeremy Hunt (@Jeremy_Hunt) July 24, 2019 Related British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson in Egypt UK Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson resigns UK foreign secretary compares Trump to president Mugabelast_img read more

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Dunleavy: “I Will Not Veto This Incomplete Dividend”

first_imgDunleavy said he considered this a ‘partial PFD payment’ and that the legislature understands their jobs are not finished and they must fix this “as soon as possible”. Dunleavy: “While there are some that support the full statutory formula, unfortunately some do not. In this years budget the Legislature sent me a $1,600 appropriation for the PFD, again not following the statutory formula.”  Dunleavy: “The legislature has once again denied the people of Alaska, the full statutory PFD. Many people have asked me to veto this incomplete $1,6000 dividend, while others have asked me accept this partial dividend. To continue our fight for a full PFD, and while this decision was not easy, I have decided I will not veto this incomplete dividend.”  “Finally, now that the budget has been addressed, the full PFD will be the focus in this next special session, the sole focus. I will not let up until the remaining funds are appropriated for the full statutory PFD. I know Alaskans understand this decision and I appreciate all of your input.” Dunleavy campaigned on a Permanent Fund dividend for residents paid in line with a longstanding calculation that has not been followed since 2016 as the state has grappled with a budget deficit. Such a dividend would equate to checks of about $3,000 this year. Lawmakers instead asked Dunleavy to consider dividends of about $1,600 this year. Last year’s capped payout amounted to $1,600 checks. FacebookTwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享During a video released on Monday by Governor Mike Dunleavy he announced his decision to not veto the $1,600 PFD approved by the State Legislature.last_img read more

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Flawless February catapults Mississippi State in polls

first_imgMississippi State completed February with its third straight weekend sweep on Saturday.Its most recent 4-0 weekend was also its most impressive. MSU took two games from Arizona and Samford to improve to 13-0 on the season for the fourth time in school history.The success helped the Bulldogs jump in the polls.MSU saw its highest ranking in the USA Today Coaches Poll at No. 7. The Bulldogs leaped 11 spots into the top 10. Mississippi State climbed six spots to No. 8 in the Collegiate Baseball Poll. The Bulldogs saw a seven-spot jump in the Division I Baseball Poll. MSU ranked No. 15.The Bulldogs inched forward four spots in Perfect Game’s poll to No. 14.Vance Tatum helped Mississippi State to move in the rankings after his eight-inning, 12-strikeout performance against Samford on Sunday. His outing earned him Southeastern Conference Co-Pitcher of the Week, the league announced Monday. It marked the third-consecutive week the a Bulldog earned an individual national or conference honor.Vance Tatum continues with MSU’s dominance on the moundThe Olive Branch, Miss., native had a one-hitter going into the ninth, eventually finishing with two runs allowed on two hits. Tatum (2-0, 1.45 ERA) currently leads the SEC in strikeouts (25), opponent batting average (.085) and is tied for first in fewest hits allowed (5).Mississippi State continues non-conference play Tuesday against Arkansas-Pine Bluff, before a three-game series against San Diego this weekend.last_img read more

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Gritty Roosters defy Raiders to win dramatic grand final

first_imgBack-to-back. Three words unspoken inside the four walls of the Sydney Roosters. Until now. The Roosters have done what 25 teams before them failed to do, ending the gallant run from Canberra to send Cooper Cronk out a winner. The Raiders, the better team for the majority of the match, denied their fourth title after a series of controversial calls in a heart-stopping 14-8 loss at ANZ Stadium on Sunday night. None more controversial then the officials calling six-again to the Raiders on the attack, only to change their minds without the Raiders realising the call had been amended. What the Raiders thought would be a fresh set attacking the Roosters line at 8-8 with less seven minutes on the clock, became the start of a nightmare for the men in green. Referee Ben Cummins ruled six-to-go and then changed that to a last tackle ruling. The Raiders were forced to hand the ball to their opposition. From the ensuing set, Luke Keary scampered out of dummy half to link with Latrell Mitchell, whose incredible flick pass allowed Daniel Tupou to put James Tedesco over for the match-winner. It was a heart-breaking end to what was almost the perfect game from the Raiders, who also conceded the first try of the match after the Roosters benefited from a ball hitting their trainer. The Raiders were on the right end of another controversial call in the second half, with Cronk sent to the sin bin for a professional foul, but they couldn’t capitalise. This, as Trent Robinson enforced to his team when they returned for day one of pre-season, was not an extension of last year but an entirely new campaign. Regardless of how different they tried to treat it, for the best of the entire season most expected the same result. And for the first time since the Broncos in 1992-93, we have back-to-back champions. By definition a Raider is “a person who attacks an enemy in their territory”. And that’s exactly what this Canberra variety did at ANZ Stadium on Sunday night. They attacked them in the stands, outweighing the Tricolours almost two to one. But, on the field of battle, they couldn’t get over the line. The Roosters have had one hand on the 2019 premiership trophy from the moment they put two hands on it last year. And in front of 82,922 – they did it again. The game began in the most dramatic of circumstances, with Raiders prop Sia Soliola charging down a Luke Keary kick that cannoned into Roosters trainer Travis Touma in back play. Despite the Raiders coming up with possession, the referee deemed it a Roosters feed after telling Hodgson “it’s unfortunate but the team with a territorial advantage gets the feed”. The Roosters then managed to produce back-to-back sets, and eventually cracked the Raiders defence after Sam Verrills caught Joseph Tapine napping around the ruck. It was a just reward for a show of faith from Trent Robinson in his young hooker, whose position in the team was questioned in the lead-up given the pending return of co-captain Jake Friend. The Roosters’ perfect start came to a halt soon after when they lost the ever-reliable Mitchell Aubusson to a game-ending knee injury, throwing their interchange plans into disarray. Tapine’s horror night continued soon after when a high shot on Victor Radley gifted Latrell Mitchell two points and the Roosters an 8-0 lead midway through the second half. A rare error from Roosters No.1 James Tedesco presented the Raiders with a golden opportunity to kickstart their night, and Jack Wighton took the invitation to slice straight through Boyd Cordner and Angus Crichton. The Roosters had a chance to push their lead to four points on the stroke of half time when Croker was penalised for running Brett Morris off the ball, however Mitchell failed to convert from the sideline and sent his side into the sheds with just an 8-6 lead. Just like the first half, the opening to the second half was marred by controversy when Cooper Cronk was sent to the sin bin for what was deemed a professional foul on Josh Papalii. The bunker deemed that Cronk tacking Papalii a split second before he received the ball, was worthy of restricting the Roosters to just 12 men. The Raiders slotted the two points from right in front of the posts, but that would be all they managed during the 10 minute window with Cronk off the field. All the momentum for the first 27 minutes of the second half was in favour of the Raiders, but the ascendancy turned on a dime when Siosiua Taukeiaho burst into the open field with 13 minutes remaining. A high tackle from Aidan Sezer on Luke Keary from the ensuing set should have seen the Roosters hit the lead through the boot of Mitchell, but the centre missed his second penalty of the night to ensure a nail-biting finish. But when Tedesco ran away with seven minutes on the clock, there would be no fairytale finish for the Raiders.last_img read more

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